What is lung cancer screening?
Lung cancer screening can help find disease early, before symptoms occur.
When should I start screening?
|Ideally start start before you have symptoms||Symptoms can include:
cough that lasts, blood in mucus, shortness of breath, wheezing, pain in chest area, tiredness that lasts, pneumonia, hoarse voice, pain when swallowing, and weight loss.
|Find out your level of risk||Screening for lung cancer is an option for two high-risk groups:
• People 55-74 years old, who have smoked for 30 or more pack years, who quit less than 15 years ago.
• People 50 years old and over, who have smoked for 20 or more pack years, and have at least one more risk factor other than second-hand smoke.
Pack years - It is calculated by multiplying the number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day by the number of years the person has smoked. For example, 1 pack-year is equal to smoking 20 cigarettes (1 pack) per day for 1year, or 40 cigarettes per day for half a year, and so on.
What is a LDCT (low-dose computed tomography)?
|LDCT||LDCT takes many pictures of the inside of your body from different angles using CT scan. The amount of radiation used is much lower than standard doses of a CT (computed tomography) scan.|
|First LDCT||If you are high risk for lung cancer you will have a LDCT test. Your doctor will check for anything abnormal like a lung nodule.|
|Lung nodules||Screening with LDCT is used to find nodules in the lungs. Nodules are small, round areas of abnormal tissue.|
What happens after the first screening LDCT?
|Follow-up or yearly screening LDCT||Your doctor will compare your second screening test to the first screening test and decide when the next follow-up test will happen.|
|Follow-up screening is done to check on your lungs at certain time points like months or years.|