What is lung cancer?
The lungs are the main organs for breathing. The lungs look like two large, spongy cones. Each lung is made up of sections called lobes – the left lung has two lobes and the right lung has three. Lung cancer is a tumour in the tissue of the lungs.
What are risk factors for lung cancer?
|Tobacco smoking||Tobacco smoking is the major risk factor for lung cancer.|
|Contact with second-hand smoke / passive smoking||The more contact you have with second-hand smoke, the higher your risk for lung cancer.|
|Family history||If a parent, sibling, or child had lung cancer, your risk for lung cancer is higher than a person with no family history.|
What are the symptoms?
Cough , Weight loss, breathlessness , chest pain , Hoarseness and blood in cough.
How can I know for sure it’s lung cancer?
|Biopsy or surgery||To test for cancer, tissue from the nodule must be removed from your body. A biopsy removes a small samples of tissue. Surgery removes the entire nodule for testing.|
How do I decide between options?
Ask your doctors many questions. Also, you could get a second opinion, learn more about screening tests, and compare the pros and cons.
The treatment of lung cancer depends on the stage of the illness or the progression of the disease, the options for treatment are surgery, chemotherapy, target therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of the three.
Lung cancer screening
What is screening?
Screening can help find disease early, before symptoms occur.
When should I start screening?
|Start before you have symptoms||Symptoms can include:
cough that lasts, blood in mucus, shortness of breath, wheezing, pain in chest area, tiredness that lasts, pneumonia, hoarse voice, pain when swallowing, and weight loss.
|Find out your level of risk||Screening for lung cancer is an option for two high-risk groups:
• People 55-74 years old, who have smoked for 30 or more pack years, who quit less than 15 years ago.
• People 50 years old and over, who have smoked for 20 or more pack years, and have at least one more risk factor other than second-hand smoke.
What is a LDCT (low-dose computed tomography)?
|LDCT||LDCT takes many pictures of the inside of your body from different angles using CT scan. The amount of radiation used is much lower than standard doses of a CT (computed tomography) scan.|
|First LDCT||If you are high risk for lung cancer you will have a LDCT test. Your doctor will check for anything abnormal like a lung nodule.|
|Lung nodules||Screening with LDCT is used to find nodules in the lungs. Nodules are small, round areas of abnormal tissue.|
What happens after the first screening LDCT?
|Follow-up or yearly screening LDCT||Your doctor will compare your second screening test to the first screening test and decide when the next follow-up test will happen. Follow-up screening is done to check on your lungs at certain time points like months or years.|