Esophagas Cancer

What is esophageal cancer?
The esophagus or food pipe is a muscular tube between the mouth and stomach. It is about 25 cm to 35 cm (10 to 14 inches) long in an average adult and about 2 cm (3-4 inch) wide.

What are risk factors for esophageal cancer?

smoking and chewing tobacco Smoking and chewing tobacco is the major risk factor for lung cancer.
alcohol abuse  
irritating foods or drinking very hot liquids consuming highly irritating foods or drinking very hot liquids - this likely causes injury to the mucosal tissue in the esophagus
Certain medical conditions can have an increased risk of developing esophageal cancer. • Achalasia,
• gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),
• Plummer-Vinson syndrome and Barretts esophagus.
• tylosis

What are the symptoms?
Painful or difficulty swallowing, Weight loss, Pain behind the breastbone, Hoarseness, cough, Indigestion and heartburn.

How to diagnose this disease ?

Physical examination and history An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease.
Chest x-ray An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body.
Esophagoscopy A procedure to look inside the esophagus to check for abnormal areas. An esophagoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing.
Biopsy The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. The biopsy is usually done during an esophagoscopy.

Treatment ?
The treatment of esophageal cancer depends on the stage of the illness or the progression of the disease., the options for treatment are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of the three.


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