Chemo Therapy

What is Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy (also called chemo) is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. sometimes referred to as "anti-cancer" drugs or "antineoplastics."

How Chemotherapy Works against Cancer.?

Chemotherapy works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells, which grow and divide quickly. Chemotherapy is used to:

  • To cure a specific cancer.
  • To control tumor growth when cure is not possible.
  • To shrink tumors before surgery or radiation therapy.
  • To relieve symptoms (such as pain).
  • To destroy microscopic cancer cells that may be present after the known tumor is removed by surgery (called adjuvant therapy). Adjuvant therapy is given to prevent a possible cancer reoccurrence.

Side Effects of chemotherapy.?

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Alopecia, or hair loss.
  • Fatigue.
  • Hearing impairment.
  • Low white blood cell count and susceptibility to infections.
  • Low blood platelet count and bleeding problems and Low red blood-cell count and anemia.
  • Mucositis.
  • Loss of appetite and bowel problems.
  • Cognitive and mental health problems.

How Chemotherapy Is Given.?

Oral
The chemotherapy comes in pills, capsules, or liquids that you swallow.

Intravenous (IV)
The chemotherapy goes directly into a vein.
IV chemotherapy may also be given through catheters or ports, sometimes with the help of a pump.

Injection
The chemotherapy is given by a shot in a muscle in your arm, thigh, or hip, or right under the skin in the fatty part of your arm, leg, or belly.

Topical
The chemotherapy comes in a cream that you rub onto your skin.

How Often You Receive Chemotherapy.?

It depend upon for what purpose chemotherapy is used to:

  • Cure your cancer.
  • Control its growth.
  • Ease symptoms.

How Will I Know If My Chemotherapy Is Working.?

After doing physical exam,and order medical tests and scans. Tests might include blood tests. Scans might include MRI,CT,or PET scans.

 

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